Canada is a large country that's modern in most aspects of daily life. The country, the second largest by area in the world, is bordered to the south by the United States. As one of the wealthiest countries in the world, the area is perhaps one of the most intriguing options for those who wish to practice law in a modern, diverse country. Canada, an English and French speaking country, offers plenty of opportunities for educational travelers looking to expand their horizons and achieve their law degree.
Essential Facts about Canada
- The capital of Canada is Ottawa, located in the province of Ontario.
- Canada has two official languages--English and French. Nearly 60 percent of Canadians speak English while 20 percent speak French. Other languages commonly spoken in Canada due to its high level of multicultural diversity are Cantonese, German, Punjab and Italian.
- The legal system in Quebec is based on a system of civil laws supported by French law; the rest of Canada adheres to the English common law system.
- Canada contains an estimated two million lakes which covers around eight percent of its total landmass.
- The maple leaf is Canada's national symbol and is displayed prominently on the country's flag.
- The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (colloquially called "The Mounties") are both a national and federal police force that is known for riding decorated horses as they patrol areas of Canada.
What Is the Law System in Canada?
The Canadian legal system was built on the British common law system. Since Canada was once a colony of England, many of the influences of this timeframe are present in Canada's diverse law system. It is a bi-jurisdictional system and there are components of public and private law present. The federal government has jurisdiction over specific areas of the law whereas most laws are affected by province rules. The country's constitution is supreme law. Canada has a parliament, much like what is present in Britain. There is an appellate process present as well.
Study in Canada
What Is a Law Degree in Canada?
To become a lawyer in Canada, individuals need to enroll in the proper educational formats and work through a series of programs until the desired level of education is obtained. In most cases, the law degree in Canada will take about four years to complete within a university program. You also will need to obtain, at a minimum a Bachelor of Laws degree and it must come from a school of law that's recognized.
The law educational process is one that is based on obtaining training for practical use. Students will need to sit for the LSAT test, a test that ensures the student has a full understanding of the components of Canadian law in order to work in this field.
Law Higher Education in Canada
For those who wish to obtain a law degree in Canada, the good news is that it is possible to do so. There are many Canadian law schools and most of them do allow for international students to enroll. Prior to considering this, though, individuals should focus on what you'll learn.
First, there is competition to get into well respected law schools in Canada. For this reason, individuals will need to have a high grade point average and prove themselves as a worthy choice for the best schools. The LSAT is a standardized test that is taken to measure some skills that are necessary for students to have in order to enter into law school. It is often a benchmark to determine if the student should be considered. Community involvement, personal statements, and work experience can all contribute to whether or not the school will accept the student.
Once the student is enrolled, he or she will complete four years of education at any of the country's numerous law schools, Some of these include McGill University, The University of Montreal, the University of Manitoba, University of British Columbia, and Queen's University, all of which have special law schools, called the Faculty of Law.
Students will complete their education in the law school, achieving all necessary credit to pass the requirements of the school. Then, he or she will need to sit for the Bar exam. This is a very difficult law test administered by the Canadian Bar Association. It also requires background checks. Students must pass this test in order to have a license to practice in the country.
Looking at the future of law in the country, there is a growing need for well educated and dedicated attorneys in the country. For those international students who wish to enroll in this type of school, the good news is that there are numerous program options available. It is important to obtain a student visa in order to enroll in these programs, but the university itself can help the student to achieve these necessary documents.
In order to study in Canada for longer than 6 months, most foreign nationals need to obtain a Canadian study permit. This study permit serves as a Canadian student visa and allows you to study in Canada at an approved institute for the duration of your study program.
In some cases, you do not require a study permit to go to school in Canada:
- If the course or program you intend to study is less than 6 months in duration.
- If you are a family member or staff of a foreign representative to Canada.
- If you are a member of a foreign armed force.
However, you will still need an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) to fly to Canada.
You can apply for a Canadian study permit either online or through a paper application, which can be obtained from the Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) website: https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/study-canada/study-permit/apply.html.
In order to submit your application, you will first need to:
1. Obtain a standardized letter of acceptance from a recognized higher education provider in Canada.
2. Get a Canadian student visa application package, either from the CIC website (http://www.cic.gc.ca), by contacting your local visa office, or from the Canadian embassy or consulate in your home country.
3. In order to get your application package, you will need to answer a few questions about yourself on the CIC website. These questions will determine whether you are eligible to apply online for a Canadian student permit, and what documents you will need to provide. You will also receive an application guide and guidelines for your next steps.
Processing times for a Canadian study permit vary. Paper applications typically take about twice as long as online applications. In order to check the processing times, visit: http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/information/times/temp.asp
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