LLB International and European Law


Program Description

All states have laws and their own legal system, and in most countries, you can only study national law at the university level.

Our LLB program in International and European Law is specifically designed for students who wish to pursue a professional career in an international legal environment; it gives students an academic training in law without merely taking a national legal system as a starting point by offering students a general understanding of what 'law' is and how it functions.

Why study this program in Groningen?

  • The focus on European law and public international law is far greater than the focus on national legal contexts. No national law system is being taught as a general rule.
  • This program is unique in Europe with regard to the content of the programme. It also holds a compulsory semester of law courses abroad.


Year 1

The first year will give you a strong basis in law that is used within states. All courses approach the fields of law on a conceptual basis and no national system is being discussed as such. The only exception being the course 'Law and legal skills: the Dutch example', which explains what law is and in this course the Dutch example is used as a red thread. Students will also be taught the necessary academic legal skills.


  • Law and legal skills: the Dutch example (including IT for Lawyers) (10 EC)
  • Legal and Academic English (5 EC)
  • Criminal law (10 EC)
  • Legal History (5 EC)
  • Contract and Tort Law (5 EC)
  • Introduction to International and European Law (10 EC)
  • Introduction to Public Law (10 EC)
  • Introduction to Technology Law (5 EC)

Year 2

The second year provides students with a good overview of law between states, both on an international level as within the European Union. The research seminars will combine the legal skills of the first year with the content of the second-year courses, enabling students to deliver sound legal arguments.


  • European Law (10 EC)
  • Property Law (5 EC)
  • Law, Power, and Politics (5 EC)
  • Public International Law (10 EC)
  • Europeanisation of Public Law (10 EC)
  • Research seminar (10 EC)
  • Economics of International Relations (5 EC)
  • Private International Business Law (5 EC)

Year 3

In the first semester of the third year, students study a full semester abroad (at least 25 ECTS in law courses; 30 ECTS in total) at one of our partner universities. Students can pick courses in more specific fields of law in which they would like to specialize. In the second semester, students combine all acquired skills and knowledge in producing a Bachelor's thesis (the Research Colloquium) on a topic of their choice.


  • Semester abroad (30 EC)
  • Business Law (5 EC)
  • Commercial Dispute Resolution (5 EC)
  • Research Colloquium (10 EC)
  • European Judicial Protection (5 EC)
  • The Contemporary Value(s) of International Law (5 EC)

Study abroad

  • Study abroad is required
  • For an average of 20 weeks

Entry requirements

Admission requirements

Specific requirements More information
grade average On top of providing the Admissions Board with transcripts and diplomas, students should have an equivalent minimum GPA (Grade Point Average) of 7/10 (Dutch grading scale). For applicants with a non-EU/EEA qualification, this minimum GPA is mandatory. Grade Point Average is the average of all the marks of your pre-university education. To note, a score of 6 is a passing grade in the Netherlands.
language test

The following tests are accepted:

  • (international) internet TOEFL (to be sent in through our institutional code 7191): score of at least 100, all sections sufficient (so at least 21 on each section);
  • (academic) IELTS Academic (British Council's English Language Test): score of at least 7.0, all sections sufficient (so at least 6.0 on each section);
  • Cambridge C2 Proficiency (CPE, Cambridge Certificate of Proficiency in English);
  • Cambridge C1 Advanced (CAE, Cambridge Certificate of Advanced English)

The test scores cannot be older than two years.

In certain situations, students may request an exemption from taking one of the English proficiency tests mentioned above.

reference letter Applicants must provide one reference from a lecturer from his/her pre-university education who has detailed knowledge of their academic records.
written request Applicants must submit a motivation letter as to why they want to participate in the LLB program (max. 650 words). The letter should be written by the applicants themselves; it is not allowed to submit an (official) translation.
other admission requirements

Curriculum vitae.

For the 2019/2020 intake, there will also be a mandatory "matching" web class that applicants must complete. The matching web class will be available in Spring 2019. Completing the matching web class is required in order to register in the program when deemed admissible.

Language requirements

Exam Minimum score
C1 Advanced (formerly CAE) C1
IELTS overall band 6.5
IELTS listening 6
IELTS reading 6
IELTS writing 6
IELTS speaking 6
TOEFL internet-based 92

Application deadlines

Type of student Deadline Start course
Dutch students 01 May 2021 01 September 2021
EU/EEA students 01 May 2021 01 September 2021
non-EU/EEA students 01 May 2021 01 September 2021

Tuition fees

Nationality Year Fee Program form
EU/EEA 2020-2021 € 2143 full-time
non-EU/EEA 2020-2021 € 9500 full-time

The Dutch government intends to halve the statutory tuition fees for specific groups of first-year bachelor's students starting from the 2018/19 academic year.

Job prospects

Graduates of the bachelor programme in International and European Law will – after having completed an additional master programme - be qualified for careers in diplomacy, as civil servants for national ministries, the EU, the UN or other international organizations, in non-governmental organizations (such as Amnesty International or Greenpeace), in the international commercial sector (such as Unilever or Shell), or in academic teaching and research.

Entry into traditional legal professions (advocate, attorney, barrister, judge, etc.) is not guaranteed upon completion of the program as such entry is depends on national requirements and/or exams. The programme does not qualify for these traditional legal professions in the Netherlands; additional courses will be needed should one wish to qualify. These additional courses would require knowledge of the Dutch language and would lead to about 18 months extra in courses. For all other countries, students should check the websites of the bar associations or judiciary of the country in question for specific details.

Job examples

  • A career in as civil servants for national ministries
  • A career in the international commercial sector
  • A career in international politics
  • A career in diplomacy
  • A career in academic teaching and research
  • A career in international or non-governmental organizations


Research international and European law

The faculty's research is carried out under the umbrella of the Groningen Centre for Law and Governance, in which all departments of the faculty are participating. Wherever possible teachers will use and involve this research in the courses that are being taught at the Bachelor's level.

Portrayed researchers

  • Prof. Dr. M.M.T.A. Brus
  • M. Duchateau, LLM
  • Prof. Dr. H.B.B. Vedder

Testimonial Mr. Dr. B.C.A. Toebes (teacher and postdoc)

My research concentrates on the interfaces between the protection of health and international (human rights) law. It involves topics like access to healthcare, medical ethics during armed conflicts, as well as abortion and euthanasia. I use my research findings in several courses that we teach at the department of international law. Using health as an overall theme enables me to discuss the functioning and applicability of international law in practice. For example, in a course entitled ‘International Law and Organization, I teach a seminar on the role that international organizations play in the protection of health, thus using 'health' as a theme to explain the functioning of international organizations in our global society. Using a health-related theme also enables me to trigger the students to look beyond the law and to engage with interdisciplinary research. In the Honours Programme, I teach a seminar on healthcare privatization and human rights, thereby building a bridge between health economics, social medicine, and human rights law.

Last updated Sep 2020

About the School

The University of Groningen has a rich academic tradition dating back to 1614. From this tradition arose the first female student and the first female lecturer in the Netherlands, the first Dutch astr ... Read More

The University of Groningen has a rich academic tradition dating back to 1614. From this tradition arose the first female student and the first female lecturer in the Netherlands, the first Dutch astronaut and the first president of the European Central Bank. Geographically, the University is rooted in the Northern part of the Netherlands, a region very close to its heart. Read less
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